As soon as any mother knows she is pregnant, she feels that she can’t wait to see her baby. She can’t wait for nine months more to hold him / her in her arms. After nine months, the baby is here, but it is strange, he / she can’t open his / her eyes for an unknown reason. It is true that it sometimes takes longer for some babies to open their eyes but if this persists for days, this means that parents should pay attention.
The first thing that parents, particularly mothers, should do is to see the doctor to know if it is a temporary thing related to the birth operation or their baby may really have a visual problem. So what if the baby has a visual impairment? What does the term (visual Impairment) mean? Let us first differentiate between blindness, visual impairment, and low vision. Arditi, A., & Rosenthal define Visual impairment (or vision impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need through a significant limitation of visual capability resulting from either disease, trauma, or congenital or degenerative conditions that cannot be corrected by conventional means, such as refractive correction, medication, or surgery.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO),” A person with low vision is one who has impairment of visual functioning even after treatment and/or standard refractive correction, and has a visual acuity of less than 6/18 to light perception, or a visual field of less than 10 degree from the point of fixation, but who uses, or is potentially able to use, vision for planning and/or execution of a task. “
Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or neurological factors. Various scales have been developed to describe the extent of vision loss and define blindness. Total blindness is the complete lack of form and visual light perception and is clinically recorded as NLP, an abbreviation for “no light perception.”
Blindness is frequently used to describe severe visual impairment with residual vision. Those described as having only light perception have no more sight than the ability to tell light from dark and the general direction of a light source.
Upon all those definitions, we cannot actually put all children or people who have a visual disability in the same category. Therefore, it is important to know the level of severity of the visual impairment if it really exists. Earlier intervention is so critical and if it is done correctly and quickly, it saves the parents a lot of hassle and sometimes it even helps solving the problem completely.